A December 2019 Resolution of the Plenum of the Russian Supreme Court sought to provide a uniform definition of the scope of “public policy” grounds for refusing to recognize and enforce foreign arbitral awards (the “Resolution”).
Kazakhstan is the 63rd most populous country in the world, yet the 19th largest emitter of greenhouse gases. It is rich in natural resources, and oil exports have been driving Kazakhstan’s economic development for almost three decades.
Azerbaijan might not be the first place that springs to mind when thinking about renewable energy; the republic is better known for its vast hydrocarbon reserves in the Caspian sea.
Uzbekistan has seen a tremendous amount of reform in the last three years under new President Shavkat Mirziyoyev,
including liberalisation, at breakneck speed, of the foreign exchange market, business regulations, tax system, banking
system, visa regime, public private partnership (PPP) framework and more.