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False Claims Act Statistics, News & Analysis

FCA Cert. Monitor: Petitions Concerning Materiality After Escobar and the Original Source Exception Before the Court

After some dereliction of our FCA cert. monitoring duties, FCA Cert. Monitor is back. There currently are 10 FCA cases on the Supreme Court’s docket, raising materiality after Escobar, the first-to-file and public disclosure bars, and the Rule 9(b) pleading standard, among other issues.

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Impact of First Circuit's 2015 Gadbois' Decision on First-to-File Bar Limited by District Court on Remand

In a post right before the holidays, we noted that the district court in United States ex rel. Estate of Gadbois v. PharMerica Corp. interpreted the FCA’s government action bar as a perpetual bar to all claims brought by a relator in a qui tam action in which the government has intervened and settled, even when the government did not intervene in or settle all of the claims. No. 10-cv-471, 2017 WL 5466659 (D.R.I. Nov. 13, 2017). But there is more to the district court’s decision than the government action bar. In its government action bar analysis, the district court made a fairly technical civil procedure ruling that, if followed by other courts, should limit the ability of relators to use the First Circuit’s previous Gadbois decision to evade the FCA’s first-to-file bar and statute of limitations.

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A Bad Week for Copycat Relators: Fourth and D.C. Circuits Say First-to-File Bars Cases Brought While Earlier-Filed Cases Were Pending Even After Earlier Case Is Dismissed

Defendants facing serial, related qui tam cases should breathe a collective sigh of relief because the Fourth Circuit and the D.C. Circuit have just rejected relators’ efforts to undermine the first-to-file bar. In decisions issued less than a week apart, the D.C. Circuit in U.S. ex rel. Shea v. Cellco Partnership, Nos. 15-7135 & 15-7136, and the Fourth Circuit in U.S. ex rel. Carter v. Halliburton Co., No. 16-1262, both held that the first-to-file bar compels dismissal of actions brought while earlier-filed actions were pending, even if those earlier-filed actions have since been dismissed. Both courts also put the kibosh on those relators’ efforts to evade the first-to-file bar by amending their complaints after dismissal of the earlier-filed action. We’re proud to say that the attorneys of Vinson & Elkins, the same people who bring you LLB, represented the defendants in Carter and an amicus supporting the defendants in Shea.

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Supreme Court Nominee Judge Gorsuch on the False Claims Act

President Trump recently announced that he was nominating Judge Neil M. Gorsuch to fill the Supreme Court seat vacated one year ago by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia. We at LLB went to work researching what a Justice Gorsuch might mean for future case law construing our favorite statute, the False Claims Act. Here is what we found.

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